Wednesday, December 12, 2012

Glossary of Triple Agent, Double Cross

The southernmost province that was carved out of the former Grand North Province. It is a plateau region.

A town in the Center Province. It is also the capital of the Nyong and Nfomou Division.

A Ngemba settlement 9 miles from Bamenda along the Bafoussam-Bamenda road. It is also a traditional Ngemba realm and the dialect of the people there.

A town in the South Province. It is a sub-divisional capital in Ntem Division.

Word used by both English and French speaking Cameroonians to express sympathy, condolence, consolation, encouragement, compassion, harmony, understanding, agreement, thankfulness, and caution.

The capital of Upper Nkam Division and a Bamileké realm in the West Province.

The principal ethnic group in the area that comprises the Kumba municipality. It is part of the larger Bantu group.

A settlement and Bamileké realm in the Nde or Banganté Division, West Province.

The capital of the West Province and Mifi Division. Also a traditional Bamileké realm.

A settlement and traditional Ngemba realm about 18 miles from Bamenda in the Northwest Province.

The principal ethnic group in the Fako Division, which is located in the Southwest Province. The Bakwerians are Bantu speaking of the Sawabantu subgroup.

Bamileké settlement and realm in the Nde Division, West Province.

A Chamba settlement and realm about 18 miles north of Bamenda, in the Northwest Province.

Bamileké settlement and realm in the Nde Division, West Province.
A settlement and Ngemba realm about 9 miles north of Bamenda in the Northwest Province.

A Ngemba settlement and realm about 6 miles north of Bamenda in the Northwest Province.

The capital of the Northwest Province and Mezam Division.

Bamileké settlement and realm in the Mifi Division, West Province.

Bami (Bamileké)
Diminutive of Bamileké.

Bamileké (Bami)
The most populous semi-Bantu ethnicity and the principal ethnic group in Cameroon. It is also their mother tongue.

The western half of the West Province, with fringes in the Northwest and Southwest Provinces. It comprises five administrative divisions, about ninety traditional realms, and eleven dialectical groupings.

A semi-Bantu ethnicity and one of the principal ethnic groups in Cameroon. Also their mother tongue.

The Eastern half of the Western province.

A Bamileké settlement and realm in Mifi Division, West Province.

The largest Bamileké realm, the capital of Nde Division, its former name. Found in the West Province.

A Bamileké settlement and realm in the Upper Nkam Division, West Province.

Bamileké settlement and realm in Nde Division, West Province.

Bamileké settlement and realm in Nde Division, West Province.

A Large group of Negroid peoples of Central, South, and East Africa that inhabits the forests of the Southwest, Littoral, Center, South, and East Provinces of Cameroon. Also the largest constituent of the Negroid or Black race.

The principal ethnic group in the Littoral Province. It is Bantu speaking. Also found in the Center Province of Cameroon.

Bamileké realm in the Mifi Division, West Province.

Bawok (Bahouok, Bahouoc)
Bamileké realms speaking the Medumba dialects, found in the West and Northwest Provinces. The principal ones are:

·         Bawok-Banganté or Banganté-Bawok is a traditional Bamileké realm found in the Banganté subdivision, Nde Division. Much of the realm is located in the city of Banganté. Following a series of strives in the early twentieth century, it lost most of its territory to the surrounding Bamileké realms, with its subjects migrating to other areas in Cameroon and even founding new realms.

·         Bawok-Bali or Bali-Bawok: An offshoot of the mother realm of Bawok-Banganté, founded in 1907 with the help of the friendly Bali-Nyonga realm. It is an enclave in the Bali realm (fondom or kingdom)

Bamileké settlement and realm in the Mifi Division, West Province.

Bamileké realm in Nde Division, West Province.

Diminutive of Beti-Pahuin. It is also a subdivision of the Beti-Pahuin group of languages and is broken down further into Ewondo, Eton, Bane, Mbida-Mbane and Mvog-Nyenge.

Diminuted or shortened to Beti, this group of related peoples constitutes the third principal ethnic group in Cameroon. The ethnic homeland of the Beti-Pahuin people is in the Center and South Provinces, with fringes and enclaves in the East Province. They are Bantu-speaking and comprise the following:
·         Beti (Ewondo, Bane, Mbida-Mbane, Mvog-Nyenge, and Eton),
·         Fang (Fang proper, Ntumu, Mvae, and Okak)
·         Bulu (Bulu, Fong, Mvele, Zaman, Yebekanga, Yengono, Yembama, Yelinda, Yesum, and Yekebolo.)
·         Smaller tribes or ethnic groups Pahuinised by the Beti-Pahuins such as the Baka, Bamvele, Manguissa, Yekaba, Evuzok, Batchanga (Tsinga), Omvang, Yetude peoples.

Beti-Pahuin people are also indigenous in Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and The Republic of Congo.

The Beti-Pahuin speaking regions of Cameroon (stretches from the southern half of the Center Province, to the central and eastern parts of the South Province and extend as fringes into the Eastern province), Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon (the northern half), The Republic of Congo (the northwest), and São Tomé and Príncipe.

The short-lived Ibo-dominated state that seceded from Nigeria during the 1966–1970 Nigerian Civil War.

A suburb of Limbe, Fako Division, Southwest Province.

British Cameroons
The western third of the former German Kamerun that fell under British control following the partition of the German colony. It comprised British Northern Cameroons and British Southern Cameroons.

A Bassa village in Nyong and Kelle Division, Center Province.

British Northern Cameroons
The Northern half of British Cameroons that voted to unite with Nigeria in 1961, following the controversial United Nations plebiscite in the territory.

British Southern Cameroons
The Southern half of British Cameroons. Became part of the Cameroon Federation in 1961 following a plebiscite that resulted in its reunification with the former French Cameroun. It comprises the Northwest and Southwest Provinces of Cameroon.

The capital town of the Southwest Province and former capital of German Kamerun.

One of the peoples of the Beti-Fang ethnic group with a homeland in the South Province.

Cameroonian Pidgin
Also called Cameroonian Creole or Kamtok, it is the Pidgin English spoken in Cameron. It has five variants.

(Center National des Etudes et de Recherché)—Acronym of Cameroon’s secret intelligence service (National Center for Studies and Research)that was changed in 1984 to Direction Générale de la Recherché Extérieures (DGRE)—General Directorate for External Research.

Center Province
Central province of Cameroon. Comprises eight divisions.

CNU (Cameroon National Union)
Party formed in 1966 from the merger of the political parties operating in Cameroon. It was headed by first Cameroonian president Ahmadou Ahidjo.

CPDM (Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement)
The CNU renamed in 1985.

CU (Cameroon Union)
Party formed by Ahmadou Ahidjo.

Largest city, economic capital and capital of Wouri division and Littoral Province.

A Bantu-speaking people of the Sawabantu subgroup, they are the principal ethnic group of the Wouri Division and the Douala area.

East Cameroon
The French speaking federal unit of Cameroon from 1961–72. It was formed from the former French Cameroun.

East Province
The Southeastern half of Cameroon. The East Province has four divisions with Bertoua as its capital.

One of the peoples of the Beti-Fang ethnic group. Found in the Center Province.

One of the peoples of the Beti-Fang group. Found in the Center Province of Cameroon.

Extreme North
A province in the far North of Cameroon. It comprises six divisions.

Free French Forces
These were French and Francophone fighters who continued fighting the axis powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan, even after France surrendered and signed an armistice agreement with Nazi Germany in June 1940. It was formed by General Charles De Gaulle, who was a member of the French cabinet on an official visit to Britain at the time of the surrender. General Charles De Gaulle strongly opposed French capitulation and the armistice signed by the new regime led by Marshall Petain that created the Vichy regime in the South of France, thereby allowing the North of the country to be under German occupation. He urged resistance against German control of France and its collaborationist Vichy puppets. The movement drew recruits mostly from the French empire, especially from French Central Africa, of which French Cameroun was the base at the time, under the new governorship of Jacques Philippe LeClerc. Philippe LeClerc led the Free French Forces’ first major victory in the war with the capture in 1941 of Kufra, a town in the then Italian colony of Libya. It incorporated forces of the former Vichy regime in the colonies from 1943 and saw its ranks swollen by Frenchmen after the D-Day landing. The Free French Forces achieved their greatest glory with the liberation of Paris in August 1944, led by the French 2nd Armored Division because it had the least number of blacks in its ranks. By the end of the war, The Free French Movement constituted the fourth largest military force in Europe, fighting against the Axis powers. The right wing political parties in France have been dominated by its members and the ideology of its founder called Gaullism.

Fulfulde (Fula, Pulaar, Pular, Peul)
A Sene-Gambian language spoken by the Fulani people.

Fulani (Fulani, Fula, Fellata or Peul)
A mixed Negro-Tuareg people inhabiting the Savannah from Sudan to Sene-Gambia, they comprise three groups namely:
The Mbororo, Bororo, Burure or Abore who are pastoralists.

The Fulanin Gida, Ndoowi’en or Magida, who are fully sedentary communities.

The semi-sedentary Peul people who are agriculturalist and ultimately resume pastoralism, but often form permanent communities.

Foulanis, Fulanis or Peuls are the second most populous ethnic group in Cameroon. Found mostly in the northern provinces of Adamawa, North and Extreme North. Their language is the lingua franca of this part of Cameroon.

The capital of the Noun Division and the Bamounland. Found in the West Province.

Agricultural settlement in the Noun Division.

French Cameroun
The Eastern two third of the former German Kamerun that fell under the control of the French following the partition of the German colony by Britain and France. It became a French mandatory territory and later trust territory from 1918–1960.

The capital of the North Province and Benue Division.

Pidgin German word for a grass field. A name often applied collectively to the semi-Bantu peoples of the Northwest and West Provinces of Cameroon.

Cameroonian word for Western High Plateau, Western Highlands, or Bamenda Grassfields. Mountainous grassland region of the Northwest and West Provinces of Cameroon. It comprises the Bamilekéland and Bamounland in the south, and the Ngembaland, Chambaland, and Tikarland in the north.

One of the four principal ethnic groups of Nigeria. Found in the southeast.

A town in Fako Division, Southwest Province.

The local council of notables among the different Bamileké realms.

Koufra (Kufra)
An important but isolated Oasis settlement in the southeastern Libyan desert that was of strategic importance for the North African campaign during the Second World War. Its capture from the Italians by the Free French Forces marked the first major battle won by France in the war, thereby boosting General Charles De Gaulle’s prestige and the morale of the demoralized anti-Vichy forces.

A settlement in the Bamounland, Noun Division, West Province. Also a major military and air base in Cameroon,

The largest city in the Southwest Province and capital of Meme Division. It is located about 70 miles north of Limbe.

KNDP (Cameroon National Democratic Party)
Nationalist party in British Cameroons. It led the campaign that realized the reunification of British Southern Cameroons with the former French Cameroun.

Former Victoria. It is the capital of Fako Division in the Southwest Province.

Coastal province of Cameroon. It consists of four divisions.

An agricultural town in the Mungo Division, in the north of the Littoral Province.

Maguida (Magida)
Name erroneously used for the peoples of the Moslem North that originated from the third group of Fulanis—the Fulanin Gida, comprising the fully sedentary Fulani communities.

The capital of Manyu Division in the Southwest Province.

A Bamoun village in the Noun Division.

Mankon is a Ngemba realm and part of the city of Bamenda.

The capital of the Extreme North Province and Diamare Division.

Mayo Tsanaga
A division in the Extreme North Province of Cameroon.

Mayo Tsava
A division in the Extreme North Province of Cameroon.

The capital of Momo Division in the Northwest Province.

A Bantu-speaking people of the Mungo Division in the Littoral Province, with fringes of their homeland in the Southwest and Western provinces.

Capital of Mayo Tsanaga Division.

A suburb of Buea in the Southwest Province.

The capital of Mayo Tsava Division.

A junction town to Limbe, Buea, and Tiko, in Fako Division, Southwest Province.

Formerly called Banganté Division. It is found in the West Province of Cameroon.

Capital of the Vina Division and Adamawa Province.

The second most populous peoples of the semi-Bantu group. The Ngemba peoples are found in the northern half of the Cameroon Grassland (Western Highlands), mostly in the Mezam and Momo Divisions of the Northwest Province. The Ngemba people related dialects.

The southwestern part of the Northwest Province that is composed of several traditional realms or fondoms speaking closely related dialects.

The capital of the Mungo Division of Cameroon. It is also the largest city in the area.

A traditional Ngemba realm and part of the city of Bamenda.

North Province
Central of the Grand North Provinces. It comprises four divisions.

Northwest Province  
A province from the former Federal unit of West Cameroon and the former territory of British Southern Cameroons. Peopled by semi-Bantu groups of Tikar, Ngemba and Chamba speakers. Their compatriots in the Southwest Province collectively call them ‘Graffis’.

Banganté-Bamileké word for the panther or leopard.

OK (One Cameroon)
An offshoot of the UPC after it was also banned in British Cameroons.

A French term for Fulani borrowed from the Wolof language.

The unique and unrelated peoples in Africa, comprising the Bamileké, Bamoun, Tikar, Ngemba and Chamba peoples.

A suburb in Limbe, Southwest Province.

South Province
Cameroon’s southern coastal province. It comprises the three divisions of Ntem, Ocean and Dja and Lobo.

Southwest Province  
Southwestern coastal province of Cameroon. It has four divisions. Formerly a part of British Southern Cameroons and the federal unit of West Cameroon.

The capital of Rey Bouba Division in the North Province.
A coastal town in Fako Division in the Southwest Province.

Bamileké settlement and realm in the Nde Division, West Province.

A Berber-speaking people of the Mazigh group inhabiting the central Sahara from Southern Algeria and Tripolitania in Libya, to the middle Niger and the northern borders of Nigeria. They moved to the interior of the Sahara Desert to escape the Arab invasion of North Africa in the 7th and 8th century.

UPC (Union of the Populations of the Cameroons)
First national and nationalistic party in Cameroon. The historic UPC was formed in 1948. Banned in 1955, it resorted to an armed struggle that continued well into the late 1960s.

Former name of Limbe. Was founded in 1857 by missionaries for the settlement of rescued or freed slaves.

West Province
The southern half of the Western Highlands of Cameroon. It is populated by the Bamileké and Bamoun peoples. It is also Cameroon’s cultural and agricultural heartland, and is remembered for its historic role as the center of the country’s nationalism and liberation struggle against the French Army in the land. It comprises the six divisions of Bamboutous, Menoua, Mifi, Nde, Noun, and Upper Nkam.

Cameroonian word for a whore.

The capital of Menchum Division in the Northwest Province.

Cameroon’s second largest city and national capital. Also the capital of the Center Province and Nfoundi Division.